A Volunteer Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) provides out of hospital emergency medical care and transportation for critical and emergent patients who access the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system. These EMTs volunteer their time and service. They are not required to work a prescribed number of hours each month outside the probationary period provided they meet their annual duty requirement.
EMTs have the basic knowledge and skills necessary to stabilize and safely transport patients ranging from non-emergency and routine medical transports to life threatening emergencies. Emergency Medical Technicians function as part of a comprehensive EMS response system, under medical oversight. Emergency Medical Technicians perform interventions with the basic equipment typically found on an ambulance. Emergency Medical Technicians are a critical link between the scene of an emergency and the health care system.
This posting are for applicants who currently possess an EMT certification valid in New Jersey. If you are not we recommend that you review the Support Personnel position if you are currently non-credentialed.
Applicants are required to possess a current and valid Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Certification issued by the New Jersey Department of Health.
- NOTE: Applicants who possess the higher level certification as a Mobile Intensive Care Paramedic, or Mobile Intensive Care Registered Nurse Certification, issued by the New Jersey Department of Health, are considered to have met the above certification requirements, but can only practice at the level of care the agency is certified to.
Applicants are required to possess a current and valid Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Certification obtained through an instructor led program with skills verification, a written examination, and include both one and two rescuer CPR (infant, child and adult), use of bag-valve mask ventilation devices (BVM) and semi-automatic external defibrillator (SAED) training issued by:
- American Heart Association – BLS Healthcare Provider
- American Red Cross – Professional Rescuer
- American Safety and Health Institute – Professional Rescuer
- AAOS/ACEP Emergency Care and Safety Institute – Healthcare Provider
- National Safety Council – Basic Life Support: Healthcare and Professional Rescuers
- Department of Defense – Professional Rescuer
Applicants will be required to possess a driver’s license valid in New Jersey and have an acceptable Driver History Abstract.
Criminal Background Check
Applicants will be required to possess a criminal background that is free of criminal history that is inconsistent with the conduct required to be an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) subject to the guidance of the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
Within four (4) weeks of hiring, and as required thereafter, the applicants must complete the following training provided by the agency, or show proof of completion of an alternative course subject to approval by the agency Training Officer:
- BLS Protocols: Anaphylaxis, Atraumatic Chest Pain/Discomfort, Opiate Overdose, Respiratory Distress, and Spinal Motion Restriction;
- Bloodborne Pathogens: Required by OSHA with annual refresher training;
- CBRNE Awareness: Required by Hazardous Materials Regulations for New Jersey Emergency Responders with annual refresher training;
- Developmental Disabilities Awareness: Required by New Jersey Public Law 2008, Chapter 80;
- Hazard Communication/Right to Know: Required by OSHA with biennial refresher training;
- Hazardous Materials Awareness: Required by Hazardous Materials Regulations for New Jersey Emergency Responders with annual refresher training;
- HIPAA Awareness: Required by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) with annual refresher training;
- IS-100: Required by Homeland Security Directive No. 5 (HSPD-5) and defined by New Jersey Executive Order #50;
- IS-700: Required by Homeland Security Directive No. 5 (HSPD-5) and defined by New Jersey Executive Order #50;
- Respiratory Protection: Required by OSHA with annual refresher training;
- Sexual Harassment Prevention: Required by New Jersey Laws Against Discrimination (LAD) with annual refresher training; and
- Workplace Harassment Prevention: Required by New Jersey Laws Against Discrimination (LAD) with annual refresher training.
Field Training and Evaluation Program (FTEP)
Applicants are required to complete a FTEP program to systematically train all candidate Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) in the operations and standards of the Union Emergency Medical Unit (Union EMU) Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system. It will be used with new EMTs, both new to EMS and new to Union EMU, to further educate them beyond their current knowledge base and tailor their skills to our agency’s operations. This program will:
- Verify candidate’s skills proficiency, clinical decision making, and communication skills;
- Familiarize the candidate with the different forms of documentation expected by Union EMU;
- Help the candidate understand and learn the policies and procedures of Union EMU; and
- Assure the candidate feels confident to fulfill his/her role as an Emergency Medical Technician
The work of an Emergency Medical Technician is physically strenuous and can be stressful. To maintain their position, Emergency Medical Technicians must:
- Have good physical stamina, endurance, and body condition which would not be adversely affected by lifting, carrying, and balancing at times, patients in excess of 125 pounds (250 pounds, with assistance);
- Be physically able to work twenty-four-hour continuous shifts, if needed; and
- Demonstrate motor coordination, which necessary for the well-being of the patient, the Emergency Medical Technician, and co-workers over uneven terrain.
Emergency Medical Technicians have one of the highest rates of injuries and illnesses of all occupations. Risks can be reduced by following proper safety procedures. To maintain their position, Emergency Medical Technicians must be able to work in environments that include:
- Working both indoors and outdoors, in all types of weather;
- Considerable kneeling, bending, and lifting while caring for and moving patients;
- The potential to be exposed to contagious diseases and viruses, such as hepatitis B and HIV; and
- Potentially treating combative patients.
Examples of work can include:
- Answers calls for emergency medical treatment;
- Drives ambulance to required location, parks ambulance in a safe location, and creates a safe traffic environment by placement of road flares, removal of debris, and redirection of traffic;
- Determines the nature and extent of injury and establishes priorities for emergency care;
- Administers emergency care such as opening and maintaining airway, giving positive pressure ventilation, and cardio-resuscitation;
- Stops bleeding by bandaging or tourniquets, treats shock, immobilizes fractures, and provides initial care of poisoned and burn patients;
- Searches for medical identification emblem as a clue for providing emergency care;
- Extricates patient from entrapment;
- Radios the dispatcher for additional help if needed;
- Prepares victims for transportation in an ambulance;
- Cares for patient on return trip to hospital;
- Reports to the dispatcher the nature and extent of injuries to ensure prompt medical care on arrival;
- May request advice from hospital physician or emergency department;
- May deliver newborn infants;
- On arrival, transfers patient to stretcher, carries or wheels into hospital; and provides nurse or doctor evaluation of the patient’s condition;
- Prepares reports of trips made and enters information into a chronological log;
- May also act as dispatcher determining priorities in calls for ambulance and dispatching the ambulance; and
- Will be required to learn to utilize various types of electronic and/or manual recording and information systems used by the agency, office, or related units.
To maintain their position, Emergency Medical Technicians must work an average of twenty four (24) service hours per month during their probationary period. After completion of the probation period all volunteer personnel must maintain two hundred eighty eight (288) service hours in the preceding twelve (12) months. Hours will be calculated on the first (1st) of each month by the Operations Staff utilizing the agency’s scheduling system.
Job Knowledge and Abilities
To maintain their position, Emergency Medical Technicians must consistently demonstrate the following:
- Knowledge of principles of emergency medical and first aid treatment.
- Knowledge of the techniques used to administer pulmonary and cardiac resuscitation.
- Knowledge of the techniques used to administer oxygen.
- Knowledge of appropriate emergency treatment depending on the patient’s condition.
- Ability to remain calm in an emergency situation.
- Ability to establish rapport with the patient.
- Ability to drive an ambulance with caution.
- Ability to work harmoniously with others.
- Ability to determine the nature and extent of injury and provide emergency medical treatment.
- Ability to administer first aid, CPR, and other emergency medical care.
- Ability to prioritize emergency medical treatment needs.
- Ability to learn to utilize various types of electronic and/or manual recording and information systems used by the agency, office, or related units.
- Ability to read, write, speak, understand, or communicate in English sufficiently to perform the duties of this position. American Sign Language or Braille may also be considered as acceptable forms of communication.
- Persons with mental or physical disabilities are eligible as long as they can perform essential functions of the job with or without reasonable accommodation. If the accommodation cannot be made because it would cause the employer undue hardship, such persons may not be eligible.
To maintain their position, Emergency Medical Technicians must annually demonstrate competencies in the following areas and any other area deemed necessary by Medical Director:
- Patient assessment, including vital signs and ongoing evaluation;
- Pulmonary or cardiopulmonary resuscitation and foreign body airway obstruction management;
- Oxygen administration;
- Oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal airway insertion;
- Oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal suctioning;
- Assessment and management of cardiac, respiratory, diabetic shock, behavioral and heat/cold emergencies, for example, as prescribed within
the National Standard Curriculum for EMT-Basics;
- Emergency treatment for bleeding, burns, poisoning, seizures, soft tissue injuries, chest-abdominal-pelvic injuries, muscle and bone injuries, eye injuries and childbirth (including care of the newborn), as prescribed within the National Standard Curriculum for EMT-Basics;
- Application of spinal immobilization devices and splinting materials, including traction splints;
- Basic triage and basic maneuvers to gain access to the patient;
- Patient lifting and moving techniques;
- AED utilization;
- Assisting an EMT-Paramedic, registered nurse or physician; and
- Assisting a patient to administer drugs previously prescribed for that patient, limited to:
- Prescribed metered dose inhaler;
- Sublingual nitroglycerin; or
- Epinephrine auto injector.
- This position posting was developed in conjunction with the functional job analysis that was developed by the Psychoeducational Clinic of the Ohio State University, at the request of the Board of Directors of the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians. The functional job analysis was later endorsed by a committee comprised of members of the National Association of State EMS Directors and the National Council of State EMS Training Coordinators. The NREMT Board also utilized this functional job analysis in the development of examination accommodations to meet the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
- The agency will utilize this functional job analysis to provide any reasonable accommodations to qualified individuals to meet the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act and the New Jersey Laws Against Discrimination. However, any accommodation that creates an undue hardship is not required to be provided by the agency, and may make the applicant ineligible.
- The agency reserves the modify this position posting at any time.